Jalan-jalan Wisata ke Kota Tertua di England / Britain - Colchester

Balilondon.id (Jakarta) - Begitu akan memasuki kota Colchester, di perbatasan kota kita akan melihat papan bertuliskan "Welcome to Colchester - Britains Oldest Recorded Town".

Sebenarnya ada beberapa kota lain di Britain (selain Colchester) yang menyebut kota-kota mereka sebagai kota tertua (teh oldest town) di Inggris juga. Mereka juga punya alasan yang kuat juga dimana terdapat bukti-bukti beberapa peninggalan sejarah di masa lampau.

Beberapa kota yang juga meng-klaim sebagai kota tertua di Britain itu adalah:
1. Kota Abingdon
Abingdon berada di wilayah Oxfordshire (dulu disebut Berkshire) karena di sana terdapat peninggalan masa Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic dan Bronze Age. Disamping itu juga ditemukan  peninggalan jaman Iron Age di lahan seluas 33 hektar yang dikenal sebagai 'oppidum'. Penemuan bukti sejarah ini tepat di bawah kota Abingdon pada tahun 1991.

It continued to be used as a town throughout the Roman occupation of Britain and subsequently became a Saxon settlement, named Sevekesham (or Seovechesham) at a time when most other Roman cities were being abandoned. Abingdon Abbey which gave the town its present name was founded in the seventh century.

2. Kota Amesbury
Amesbury along with Stonehenge in Wiltshire is claimed to be Britain's oldest settlement, dating back to 8820 BC according to a project led by the University of Buckingham. The place is said to have been a transport point with the River Avon acting as a transit route. Evidence of frogs' legs being eaten as well as 31,000 flints and animal bones have also been found.

3. Kota Ipswich
Ipswich, the county town of the English county of Suffolk, also claims it is England's oldest continuously settled town, with a history of continued occupation since the Anglo-Saxons.

4. Kota Thatcham
Thatcham in Berkshire is often said to be the oldest town in Britain, since its occupation can be traced back to a mesolithic hunting camp, which was discovered there beside a Post-glacial rebound period lake, and there is evidence of human occupation within and around Thatcham covering the past 13,000 years or more.
There is strong evidence to support the case that people settled in Thatcham in the Mesolithic Age (10,000 BC - 4,000 BC). Thatcham has strong evidence that it was settled by the Romans, then Saxons,and was mentioned in the Domesday Book. Subsequently, it received medieval charters. Thatcham has a place in the 1990 Guinness World Records as being the strongest claimant to the longest continually inhabited settlement in the UK. It is mentioned in the 1993 Guinness World Records book as an example of a place with early prehistoric occupation with a comment on the difficulty of showing continuous habitation.

Why Colchester is the Britains oldest town ?
This is one of some explanation about that question.

Colchester claims to be Britain's oldest recorded town. Its claim is based on a reference by Pliny the Elder, the Roman writer, in his Natural History (Historia Naturalis) in 77 AD. He described Anglesey as "about 200 miles (322 km) from Camulodunum, a town in Britain", where Camulodunum was the Roman name for Colchester. It is claimed that this is the first known reference to any named settlement in Britain, although coins minted by Tasciovanus mention the Celtic name of the settlement, Camulodunon, as early as 20-10 BC. Archaeological evidence near Colchester has been dated to the Palaeolithic, with flint tools including at least six Acheulian handaxes having been discovered, from the Mesolithic, the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. In the 1980s an inventory showed that over 800 pieces of Neolithic and Bronze Age pottery have been found within the town, as well as many examples of worked flint.

Berikut ini foto-foto apa yang menggambarkan apa yang ada di dalam Colchester Castle Park.

Photos collection inside Colcehster Castle :

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