Salah Kaprah antara London Bridge dan Tower Bridge of London

Apa yang terlintas di benak kita ketika mendengar kata London Bridge? Bentuk jembatan yang bagaimana? dan seterusnya.
Kemudian pernahkah kita mendengar nama Tower Bridge di London. Dan akhirnya baru tersadar kalau keduanya berbeda padahal banyak orang sudah menganggap bahwa yang sebenarnya bernama Tower bridge adalah London Bridge, serta tidak banyak orang yang mengetahui bentuk London Bridge yang sebenarnya.

Mari kita lihat di-peta kota London. Bisa kita lihat London Bridge dan Tower Bridge adalah 2 jembatan yang sam-sama melintasi River Thames. Lokasi keduanya berdekatan, kurang lebih sekitar 15 menit berjalan kaki.



Kalau kita memasukkan 2 kata "London Bridge" dalam pencarian gambar di internet. maka memang yang akan banyak muncul adalah gambar Tower bridge, karena memang nama lengkapnya London Tower Bridge. Namun harus dipahami bahwa search engine hanya mencari gambar/objek yang mengandung kata per kata (yg diketikkan) dalam metode pencariannya, sehingga gambar London Tower Bridge akan ikut dimunculkan juga.
Sedangkan kenapa gambar Tower bridge bisa lebih banyak muncul dan justru menempati posisi teratas, karena lebih banyak netizen yang telah meng-klik gambar Tower bridge (meskipun awalnya hanya mengetik London bridge).
Jadi tidak bisa dijadikan argumen bahwa hasil pencarian gambar/foto selalu tepat/benar sesuai keyword pencariannya.

The London Bridge

The London Bridge is Falling Down—a very well known nursery rhyme, is about the destruction of the London Bridge. First wooden bridges already stood at the same spot in Roman times (Roman Londinium was established after the Roman invasion in the first century AD).

In 1013, in order to split invading Danish forces, the bridge was burned down by King Ethelhed. The last wooden bridge at the spot was built in 1163, supervised by Peter of Colechurch.


The Medieval Bridge
London Bridge is Falling Down - Medieval BridgeIn 1176 King Henry II ordered Peter of Colechurch to build a stone bridge. The new stone bridge was to have a chapel at the center in honor of St. Thomas Becket who was murdered a few years earlier. The building process of the bridge took 33 years. With fortified gates at either end, the bridge soon became lined by shops. In 1350 for example the bridge had 138 shops, and some people even lived in the 3-4 stories high houses built on the bridge. In 1633 part of the buildings on the bridge burned down, which turned to be very helpful, as when the Great Fire of London blazed through the city in 1666, this acted as a fire break, preventing the fire to cross the bridge and reach any further.

The New London Bridge
By the beginning of the 19th century the old bridge had become too narrow and insecure, and the City decided to build a bigger structure. Building began in 1824 and took 7 years until its completion. 70 years later it became necessary to widen the bridge, but this weakened its foundations, and the bridge began to sink


The current day London Bridge, made of concrete, was opened in 1972.


Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London built in 1886–1894. The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and has become an iconic symbol of London. Tower Bridge is one of five London bridges now owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. It is the only one of the Trust's bridges not to connect the City of London directly to the Southwark bank, as its northern landfall is in Tower Hamlets.

The bridge consists of two bridge towers tied together at the upper level by two horizontal walkways, designed to withstand the horizontal tension forces exerted by the suspended sections of the bridge on the landward sides of the towers. The vertical components of the forces in the suspended sections and the vertical reactions of the two walkways are carried by the two robust towers. The bascule pivots and operating machinery are housed in the base of each tower. The bridge's present colour scheme dates from 1977, when it was painted red, white and blue for Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee.
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